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Venue is "[t]he geographic area in which a court has jurisdiction."[1]


"Venue" derives from the Latin word for "a place where people gather."

A lawsuit can only be brought in a certain venue. For instance, in federal diversity cases, the venue can only be (1) the district where any defendant resides if all defendants reside in the same state, (2) the district where a substantial part of the events giving rise to the claim occurred, or (3) the district in which any defendant is subject to personal jurisdiction if there is no district in which the claim can otherwise be brought.[2]

Venue is a concept distinct from jurisdiction, which focuses on the authority of a court to hear a particular case. Venue is concerned with the geographical location of the court where a lawsuit is commenced. However, unlike personal jurisdiction, there is no constitutional requirement for proper venue in order to have a valid judgment.


  1. U.S. Courts, Glossary of Legal Terms (full-text).
  2. 28 U.S.C. §1391.

See also[]

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