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The term smart when applied to an electronic device means that it can connect to other devices or networks and can operate to some extent interactively and autonomously.

Smart means

an application or service that is able to learn from previous situations and to communicate the results of these situations to other devices and users.[1]


"The word 'Smart' has become a term that is frequently affixed to an area where the introduction of networked ICTs is expected to have significant implications for economic and social development. Smart grids, smart transport, smart cities, smart agriculture, smart appliances, smart clothes and textiles, smart government are just a few examples of where the term is widely used in relation to networks. Effectively, the building blocks of economies and societies are being transformed by the potential of networked ICTs and the infrastructures and services that make this possible."[2]

What makes smart systems possible "is a combination of three distinct phenomenons, each of which represents a further evolution in the development of the Internet:

"It is not enough to use sensors, actuators and communication in an existing system for it to be considered smart. The new smart network and system has to fit into the lives of the people that use it. There are several challenges in this context and these include human, lifecycle, business and regulatory. Each of these challenges limits the way certain technologies can be used, but understanding them can also serve to better introduce smart applications and services that benefit businesses and consumers."[4]


  1. Building Blocks for Smart Networks, at 4.
  2. Id. at 6.
  3. Id. at 8.
  4. Id. at 4.

See also[]