The IT Law Wiki

Uniform Commercial Code[]

Under Section 2-106(1) of the Uniform Commercial Code (U.C.C.), a sale "consists in the passing of title from the seller to the buyer for a price."

U.S. copyright law[]

A sale of a work may either be a transfer in title of an individual copy of a work, or a sale of all exclusive intellectual property rights in a work.[1]


  1. See 17 U.S.C. §109 (describing the “first sale” doctrine); Quality King Distribs. v. L’Anza Research Int’l, 523 U.S. 135, 145 (1998) (full-text) (describing the transfer of an individual copy of a work as a sale); see also 3 M. Nimmer & D. Nimmer, Nimmer on Copyright §10.02 (2009) (describing a transfer of all ownership in a copyright as a sale).