The IT Law Wiki


Research data is

[a] reinterpretable representation of information in a formalized manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing.[1]
[a]ny information that can be stored in digital form, including text, numbers, images, video or movies, audio, software, algorithms, equations, animations, models, simulations, etc. Such data may be generated by various means including observation, computation, or experiment.[2]
primary inputs into scientific, humanities and other research as well as the first-order results of that research.[3]


  1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS), at 1-9 (2002) ( full-text]).
  2. National Science Board, Long-Lived Data Collections: Enabling Research and Education in the 21st Century 13 (2005).
  3. Sustainable Economics for a Digital Planet: Ensuring Long-Term Access to Digital Information, at 109.