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A peer is one instance of a BitTorrent client running on a computer on the Internet to which other clients connect and transfer data. Usually a peer does not have the complete file, but only parts of it. However, in the colloquial definition, "peer" can be used to refer to any participant in the swarm (in this case, it is synonymous with "client").


A peer is “[a] network node that may function as a client or as a server.”[1] “In the peer-to-peer environment, peer computers are also called servants, since they perform tasks associated with both servers and clients.”[2]


  1. File Sharing: Selected Universities Report Taking Action to Reduce Copyright Infringement, at 39.
  2. Id.

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