The IT Law Wiki


New Zealand[]

Official information is any information developed, received or collected by or on behalf of the Government. As a valuable official resource, official information must be:

  • handled carefully, according to authorised procedures
  • made available only to people who have a legitimate "need to know" to fulfil their official duties
  • released only in accordance with the policies, legislative requirements and directives of the Government and the courts.

United States[]

Official information is

[a]ll information in the custody and control of a U.S. government department or agency that was acquired by U.S. government employees as a part of their official duties or because of their official status and has not been cleared for public release.[1]