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California law[]

Medical information is

any information regarding an individual's medical history, mental or physical condition, or medical treatment or diagnosis by a health care professional.[1]

Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970[]

Medical information

(1) means information or data, whether oral or recorded, in any form or medium, created by or derived from a health care provider or the consumer, that relates to —
(A) the past, present, or future physical, mental, or behavioral health or condition of an individual;
(B) the provision of health care to an individual; or
(C) the payment for the provision of health care to an individual.

(2) does not include the age or gender of a consumer, demographic information about the consumer, including a consumer’s residence address or e-mail address, or any other information about a consumer that does not relate to the physical, mental, or behavioral health or condition of a consumer, including the existence or value of any insurance policy.[2]


Medical information is "information about their health status and their relationships with the healthcare community. . . ."[3]


  1. Cal. Civ. Code § 1798.82(i)(2).
  2. 15 U.S.C. §1681a(i).
  3. U.S. Government Activities to Protect the Information Infrastructure, at 2.