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Detail of integrated circuit

An integrated circuit is

a collection of electronic elements which are interconnected to form an electronic circuit. These elements and interconnections are formed in or upon a substrate of semiconductor material.[1]


"In 1958, Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce separately invented the integrated circuit, which for the first time allowed multiple transistors to be fabricated and connected on a single piece of silicon. That technology was quickly picked up by computer designers to design higher-performance and more power-efficient computer systems. This technology breakthrough inaugurated the modern computing era."[2]


  1. National Semiconductor Corp. v. Linear Technology Corp., 703 F. Supp. 845, 846 (N.D. Cal. 1988) (full-text).
  2. The Future of Computing Performance: Game Over or Next Level?, at 66.

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