An integrated circuit is
|“||a collection of electronic elements which are interconnected to form an electronic circuit. These elements and interconnections are formed in or upon a substrate of semiconductor material.||”|
"In 1958, Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce separately invented the integrated circuit, which for the first time allowed multiple transistors to be fabricated and connected on a single piece of silicon. That technology was quickly picked up by computer designers to design higher-performance and more power-efficient computer systems. This technology breakthrough inaugurated the modern computing era."
- National Semiconductor Corp. v. Linear Technology Corp., 703 F. Supp. 845, 846 (N.D. Cal. 1988) (full-text).
- The Future of Computing Performance: Game Over or Next Level?, at 66.