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The information infrastructure (also called an electronic information system) is

[a]ny physical or virtual system or asset that controls, processes, transmits, receives, or stores electronic information in any form including data, voice or video.[1]


It consists of computer and communications systems that serve as the underlying infrastructure for organizations, industries, and the economy. It includes the physical system of telecommunications pathways and connections that transmit and receive voice, video and data, as well as the consumer- and business-oriented services delivered over and derived from telecommunications networks, and the information resources accessible through these networks.

This information infrastructure transcends industry, the media, and the military and includes both government and nongovernment entities. It is characterized by a merging of civilian and military information networks and technologies. Collecting, processing, and disseminating information by individuals and organizations comprise an important human dynamic, which is an integral part of the information infrastructure.

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