An information attack (IA) is
|“||[a]n activity taken to manipulate or destroy an adversary’s information systems without visibly changing the physical entity within which it resides."||”|
|“||the use of electronic means to gain access to or change information in a targeted information system without necessarily damaging its physical components.||”|
- Information Operations 41 (Air Force Doctrine Document 2-5) (Aug. 5, 1998).
- An Assessment of International Legal Issues in Information Operations, at 5.