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The [[FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012]] directed the [[FAA]] to select six sites to study how [[UAS]] could be [[integrate]]d into the [[national airspace system]].<ref>Federal Aviation Administration, "FAA Selects Unmanned Aircraft Systems Research and Test Sites," press release (Dec. 30, 2013) ([https://www.faa.gov/news/press_releases/news_story.cfm?newsid=15576 full-text]).</ref>
 
The [[FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012]] directed the [[FAA]] to select six sites to study how [[UAS]] could be [[integrate]]d into the [[national airspace system]].<ref>Federal Aviation Administration, "FAA Selects Unmanned Aircraft Systems Research and Test Sites," press release (Dec. 30, 2013) ([https://www.faa.gov/news/press_releases/news_story.cfm?newsid=15576 full-text]).</ref>
   
The six sites, which receive no federal funding, were announced in December 2013 (see Figure 3). Some 25 states bid to host them,44 often under the presumption that a test site would bring additional investment and employment. For example, Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval said, “It could mean billions of dollars in new investment, thousands of technical jobs for our state. It [would] make us an anchor tenant in a new and growing industry.”45
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The six sites, which receive no federal funding, were announced in December 2013. Some 25 states bid to host them.
   
A recent report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) suggested that the site operators are unclear about the type of research they are to conduct. Nonetheless, despite problems in attracting UAS industry participation, the sites conducted 195 test flights in their first year.46 The research conducted by the test sites will continue until 2017, but if FAA does not glean useful data from these tests, regulations permitting UAS activities may be delayed or limited in scope.
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A recent report by the [[Government Accountability Office]] ([[GAO]]) suggested that the site operators are unclear about the type of research they are to conduct. Nonetheless, despite problems in attracting [[UAS]] industry participation, the sites conducted 195 test flights in their first year. The research conducted by the test sites will continue until 2017, but if the [[FAA]] does not glean useful [[data]] from these tests, [[regulation]]s permitting [[UAS]] activities may be delayed or limited in scope.
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The test site sponsors and their research goals are the following:
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* The ''University of Alaska'' is conducting [[UAS]] research in seven climatic zones, including locations in Hawaii and Oregon, and will develop [[standard]]s for [[unmanned aircraft]] categories, safety, state monitoring, and navigation.
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* The state of ''Nevada'' is concentrating on [[UAS]] [[standard]]s and operations, operator [[standard]]s, and certification requirements. The research will also evaluate the evolution of [[air traffic control]] procedures as [[UAS]] are [[integrate]]d into the civil environment, and how these aircraft will be [[integrate]]d with [[FAA]]'s [[satellite]]-based [[Next Generation Air Transportation System]], which is under development.
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* ''New York'''s Griffiss International Airport is focusing on developing [[UAS]] test and evaluation processes under [[FAA]] safety oversight, and [[sense-and-avoid]] capabilities for [[UAS]]. Its sites in New York, Massachusetts, and Michigan will research the complexities of integrating [[UAS]] into the congested northeastern airspace.
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* The ''North Dakota Department of Commerce'' is developing [[UAS]] airworthiness essential data to validate types of [[UAS]] technology.
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* ''Texas A&M University—Corpus Christi'' is developing safety requirements for [[UAS]] vehicles and operations, with a goal of [[protocol]]s and [[procedure]]s for airworthiness [[testing]].
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* ''Virginia Polytechnic Institute'' and ''State University (Virginia Tech)'' is conducting [[UAS]] failure mode [[testing]] and identifying and evaluating operational and technical risk areas, using locations in Virginia and New Jersey.
   
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references />
 
<references />
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== Source ==
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* [[Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS): Commercial Outlook for a New Industry]], at 12-13.
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[[Category:FAA]]
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[[Category:Unmanned]]
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[[Category:Transportation]]

Latest revision as of 03:51, 12 November 2015

Overview[]

The FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 directed the FAA to select six sites to study how UAS could be integrated into the national airspace system.[1]

The six sites, which receive no federal funding, were announced in December 2013. Some 25 states bid to host them.

A recent report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) suggested that the site operators are unclear about the type of research they are to conduct. Nonetheless, despite problems in attracting UAS industry participation, the sites conducted 195 test flights in their first year. The research conducted by the test sites will continue until 2017, but if the FAA does not glean useful data from these tests, regulations permitting UAS activities may be delayed or limited in scope.

The test site sponsors and their research goals are the following:

  • The University of Alaska is conducting UAS research in seven climatic zones, including locations in Hawaii and Oregon, and will develop standards for unmanned aircraft categories, safety, state monitoring, and navigation.
  • The state of Nevada is concentrating on UAS standards and operations, operator standards, and certification requirements. The research will also evaluate the evolution of air traffic control procedures as UAS are integrated into the civil environment, and how these aircraft will be integrated with FAA's satellite-based Next Generation Air Transportation System, which is under development.
  • New York's Griffiss International Airport is focusing on developing UAS test and evaluation processes under FAA safety oversight, and sense-and-avoid capabilities for UAS. Its sites in New York, Massachusetts, and Michigan will research the complexities of integrating UAS into the congested northeastern airspace.
  • The North Dakota Department of Commerce is developing UAS airworthiness essential data to validate types of UAS technology.
  • Texas A&M University—Corpus Christi is developing safety requirements for UAS vehicles and operations, with a goal of protocols and procedures for airworthiness testing.
  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) is conducting UAS failure mode testing and identifying and evaluating operational and technical risk areas, using locations in Virginia and New Jersey.

References[]

  1. Federal Aviation Administration, "FAA Selects Unmanned Aircraft Systems Research and Test Sites," press release (Dec. 30, 2013) (full-text).

Source[]