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White House, Executive Order 13691: Promoting Private Sector Cybersecurity Information Sharing, 80 Fed. Reg. 9347 (Feb. 13, 2015) (full-text).


This Executive Order encourages the development of Information Sharing Analysis Organizations (ISAOs), to serve as focal points for cybersecurity information sharing and collaboration within the private sector as well as between the private sector and government. EO 13691 also mandates that the ISAO "protects the privacy and civil liberties of individuals, that preserves business confidentiality, [and] that safeguards the information being shared. . . ."

ISAOs gather and analyze critical infrastructure information in order to better understand cybersecurity problems and interdependencies, communicate or disclose critical infrastructure information to help prevent, detect, mitigate, or recover from the effects of cyber threats, or voluntarily disseminate critical infrastructure information to its members or others involved in the detection and response to cybersecurity issues.