The IT Law Wiki



To encode is to compress a file for a specific purpose, such as streaming on the Web. One can encode a file that is in analog form (such as a VHS tape) or one that is already digital.


To encode is to convert a sound recording into a digital file format.


To encode is

[t]o convert data by the use of a code or a coded character set in such a manner that reconversion to the original form is possible. Note: The term is sometimes loosely used when complete reconversion is not possible.[1]

To encode is "[t]o convert plaintext to ciphertext by means of a code."[2]


Encode is

[i]n the transmission of commercial audiovisual content, to pass, attach, embed, or otherwise apply to, associate with, or allow to persist in or remain associated with such content, data or information which when read or responded to in a covered device has the effect of preventing, pausing, or limiting copying, or constraining the resolution of a program when output from the covered device.[3]


  1. Glossary of Communications-Electronics Terms, at 2-63.
  2. NICCS, Explore Terms: A Glossary of Common Cybersecurity Terminology (full-text).
  3. 47 C.F.R. §76.1902(j).