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The Office of U.S. Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) was established by President Harry Truman on January 23, 1946. The DCI was coordinating intelligence activities among and between the various U.S. intelligence agencies.

Until April 2005, the DCI also served as de facto Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and was often referred to colloquially as the "CIA Director." After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States and the subsequent investigation by the 9/11 Commission, a movement grew to re-organize the Intelligence Community.

In 2004, Congress eliminated the position of Director of Central Intelligence and established a new position, the Director of National Intelligence (DNI), to head the Intelligence Community.[1]


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