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Electronic warfare[]

Deception is confusing or misleading an enemy by using some combination of human-produced, mechanical, or electronic means. Through use of the electromagnetic spectrum, EW deception manipulates the enemy's decision loop, hindering the enemy's ability to establish accurate situational awareness.[1]


Deception refers to

[t]hose measures designed to mislead the enemy/adversary by manipulation, distortion, or falsification of evidence in order to induce a reaction from that adversary which is prejudicial to the adversary's interests.[2]
[t]he deliberate radiation, reradiation, alteration, absorption or reflection of electromagnetic energy in a manner intended to mislead the enemy interpretation or use of information received by his electronic systems.[3]
the ability to mislead intelligence gathering by providing a distortion of reality.[4]


  1. FM 3-36, at 1-10.
  2. OPSEC Glossary of Terms.
  3. Electronic Warfare and Radar Systems Engineering Handbook 10-1.6 (Apr. 1, 1997) (full-text).
  4. Intelligence Warning Terminology, at 13.

See also[]