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European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Data Protection in the European Union: The Role of National Data Protection Authorities (Strengthening the Fundamental Rights Architecture in the EU II) (2010) (full-text).


The EU plays a pioneering role in the protection of personal data. The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU enshrines the right to data protection as an autonomous fundamental right. Despite the underlying importance and centrality of the right to data protection in the EU, many deficiencies are present in the data protection system. This study on data protection identifies deficiencies in the EU Member States.