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United States[]

Critical infrastructure protection or CIP is a concept that relates to the preparedness and response to serious incidents that involve the critical infrastructure of a region or nation.

The U.S. Presidential Decision Directive 63 PDD-63 of May 1998 set up a national program of "Critical Infrastructure Protection."

European Union[]

In Europe, the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP) refers to the doctrine or specific programs created as a result of the European Commission's directive EU COM(2006) 786 which designates European critical infrastructure that, in case of fault, incident or attack, could impact both the country where it is hosted and at least one other European Member State. Member states are obliged to adopt the 2006 directive into their national statutes.

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