The IT Law Wiki


A class action (or a representative action) allows one or more named plaintiffs to sue on behalf of a larger group of people when joining all members of the group would be impracticable; the members of the group raise similar claims, which present common issues of law or fact; and the named plaintiffs fairly and adequately protect the interests of other class members.[1]


Litigation may proceed only after the court has certified the class,[2] and even settlement or voluntary dismissal of the suit requires the court's approval.[3] Any class member may object to a settlement proposal, but, once made, the objection may only be withdrawn with the court's permission.[4]


  1. Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(a).
  2. Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(c)(1)(A).
  3. Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(e).
  4. Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(e)(5).