Born digital is/are
|“||something that originates in digital form, as opposed to being converted from analog to digital format.||”|
|“||[d]igital files that were created in digital form; those that were not derived as a surrogate from physical form.||”|
|“||[T]hose who are born digital will grow up to have a large number of digital files kept about them — whether they like it or not — and these files begin to accumulate right from the moment of birth.||”|
Generally, materials that are born digital do not have an analog equivalent. The term is not used to refer to (1) digital materials created as a result of converting analogue originals; or (2) digital materials, which may have originated from a digital source but have been printed to paper, e.g., some electronic records.
"Examples of data that are born digital include:
- email and text messaging
- input via mouse-clicks, taps, swipes, or keystrokes on a phone, tablet, computer, or video game; that is, data that people intentionally enter into a device
- GPS location data
- metadata associated with phone calls: the numbers dialed from or to, the time and duration of calls
- data associated with most commercial transactions: credit-card swipes, bar-code reads, reads of RFID tags (as used for anti‐theft and inventory control)
- data associated with portal access (key card or ID badge reads) and toll‐road access (remote reads of RFID tags)
- metadata that our mobile devices use to stay connected to the network, including device location and status
- increasingly, data from cars, televisions, appliances: the 'Internet of Things'."
"When data are born digital, privacy concerns can arise from over‐collection. Over‐collection occurs when a program's design intentionally, and sometimes clandestinely, collects information unrelated to its stated purpose. Over‐collection can, in principle, be recognized at the time of collection."
- Sustainable Economics for a Digital Planet: Ensuring Long-Term Access to Digital Information, at 106.
- Digital Curation Centre, Glossary (http://www.dcc.ac.uk/digital-curation/glossary#B full-text]).
- Legal Analysis of a Single Market for the Information Society, at 14.
- Big Data and Privacy: A Technological Perspective, at 19-20.
- Id. at x.