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National Research Council, Committee on Issues in the Transborder Flow of Scientific Data, Bits of Power: Issues in Global Access to Scientific Data (1997) (full-text).


This report examines the current state of global access to scientific data, to identify strengths, problems, and challenges that exist today or appear likely to arise in the next few years, and to recommend actions to build on those strengths and ameliorate or avoid those problems.

The focus is on data in the natural sciences, because that is the primary subject-matter purview of CODATA, but this should not be interpreted as implying that the committee considers engineering or social science data to be less important. Although many of the issues identified in this study pertain to those other discipline domains as well, they involve different contexts and problems that require additional study.