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An automated system is any system that does not require human intervention.

An automated system is a

physical system that functions with no (or limited) human operator involvement, typically in structured and unchanging environments, and the system's performance is limited to the specific set of actions that it has been designed to accomplish . . . typically these are well-defined tasks that have predetermined responses according to simple scripted or rule-based prescriptions.[1]

Unmanned aircraft[]

An automated system is

one that, in response to inputs from one or more sensors, is programmed to logically follow a pre-defined set of rules in order to provide an outcome. Knowing the set of rules under which it is operating means that its output is predictable.[2]


  1. Andrew Ilachinski, AI, Robots, and Swarms, Issues, Questions, and Recommended Studies, Center for Naval Analysis (Jan. 2017), at 6.
  2. DCDC, "United Kingdom Supplement to the NATO Terminology Database," at A-2 (Joint Doctrine Publication 0-01.1 (JDP 0-01.1)) (8th ed. Sept. 2011) (full-text).

See also[]